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Brick and Mortar Damage

Mortar is simply cement made for vertical work such as walls and brick seams. Lime is added to the cement to make it sick to a vertical surface. concrete stoop

 

Mortar deterioration is usually due to weather conditions such as freeze thaw along with fiction created by building movement. Joints can get so bad that mortar may not be visible in many areas of a wall.

Bricks can also deteriorate under stressful weather conditions, material quality, wall coating, fire damage, and most of all poor mortar joint.

Water can get into joints and do damage to brick surface and/or weaken the wall.

Left unchecked the problem worsens over time.

Often times stain and crack on interior walls are indicators that condensation is penetrating the brick facade.

Leaks into porous walls can cause water damage through walls, over windows, and even in basements.

Some find it hard to believe, but problems like these can dump tons of water into a basement in one quick rainstorm. I have seen two feet of water in basements caused by one hole in the wall.

Many concrete stoops are somewhat hollow or full of voids, and they often leak when cracks at its base develop.  

 

 


 

Brick pointing needed on wall above

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brick pointing needed on wall above

Note: For stucco, and brick siding, fill all cracks with mortar cement.

Mortar cement is to be used on vertical work. Regular cement should be used on flat work only, (sidewalks.)

 

 

 

 

 

cracked walkway

Whenever water turns to ice under a concrete porch or stoops, the ice can expand and enlarge cracks. It will also weaken its support.

 

 

stone wall

More than any type of wall stone walls need up-keep regularly. Stone walls should have bonding agent mixed into mortar.

 

 

 

Porches are sometimes coated with mortar (stucco). Cracks in stucco wall not good when water and ice enters 

 

 

Chop out cracks

Chop out cracks

and fill with mortar

 

The methods used to repair wall with bad brick joints is call brick pointing or tuck pointing.

There is also information about all types of brick pointing and cement work in this book.

 

Written by Chet Thompson


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