and trouble shooting
the fixtures in the home the toilet can be the most problematic: they come on by
themselves, they waste water, they leak, and they sometimes don't come on at
Most toilet consist of the bowl at the base, and tank that sit on top of
Inside the tank there is: 1) the fill valve; this is the water supply
part of the toilet. 2) The flush valve; this is the outlet part of the
toilet, the part that flushes the water into the bowl. And 3) the flush
lever handle; this is the part with the chain or the part that actuates
the flush valve. it pull the flapper, ball, or tower up to let the water
into the flush valve so the toilet can flush.
Toilet tank refills itself
When a toilet comes on without anyone flushing it, it is actually
What happen is the flapper is leaking and the toilet think
it is low on water and begins to refill itself.
The water level drops, the valve float drops. This is usually due to a
bad flapper or seal.
This is a Big Time waste of water. You should change the flapper, seal
or tank ball.
Sometimes the seat of the flush valve need to be clean, it can be
cleaned with a little dish washing liquor.
Always use a rag or fingers in a circular motion to clean flush valve
Leaking flappers are the number one reason for a high water
Tank fills or over fill
internal or malfunctioning part inside the fill valve will cause the
toilet to over fill. The water will rise and run down the over flow
pipe, into the toilet, and down the drain.
A float stuck in the down or valve
open position will cause the fill valve to continually run and over
There are kits to rebuild some of these fill valves however, most
plumbers simply prefer to change the hold fill valve.
Toilet tank will not
fill; little or no water
toilet will not fill because the fill valve float is stuck in the up or
close valve position or there is
sediment in the fill valve itself.
Often enough when there is work in the street on a nearby water main the
sediment that was upset by the water main workers will find its way into
toilet fixtures and shower heads.
some models can be taken
apart and clean however, many time the fill valve will have to be
Flush lever handles
Flush lever handles are usually a
problem because most people feel that as long as it work there's no
Not so, a lever should be up and
not pointing to the base of the toilet. It should also be free and loose
not hanging up and holding your flapper up.
Bad flash lever handle will keep
your flapper from seating properly allowing your water to run down
the drain., again, a high water bill.
One last thing about flush lever
handles, if you want a flush with one push of the lever without you
holding the lever unstill the flush is complete and all the water
empties out of the tank, then don't make the chain too long.
A long chain will not let the
flapper rise high enough so water can get underneath it and keep it
Toilet leaks on floor
The two main reasons a toilet leaks
on the floor are: 1) the gasket between the tank and bowl
is leaking or 2) the bowl cleaning tube that fits into the over flow tube has come loose and
is spraying water over the tanks inner wall .
To repair a tank to bowl leak you
simply need to buy a tank to bowl kit, shut off water supply, drain the
water from the tank, disconnect supply pipe, unbolt the tank using a
screw driver inside the tank and a wrench under the top part of the
Install the new
bolts the same way the old bolts came off using only rubber washers
inside of the tank.
Fill Valve Removal and Installation
Shut off water; turn supply valve clockwise.
Flush the toilet.
Remove the excess water in the tank with a sponge or rag.
Notice under the toilet tank there are two water supply nuts. One nut
connected the supply pipe, and the other (a flat nut) holds down and mounts
the fill valve to the tank.
Remove the supply pipe nut first, then the flat hold-down or mounting nut.
Finally pull the fill valve straight out.
IMPORTANT: Before installing read directions about water level adjustment.
Our more popular models may need water level and height adjusting before
they are installed. Some fill valves are put into the tank supply hole
repeatedly before proper height can be established.
Install the rubber mounting seal on the base of fill valve. (This may be two
pieces of rubber that are fused together at the factory that will have to be
broken apart. The outer piece of rubber is what you use on the base of the
Put the fill valve into the tanks supply hole and screw the flat nut on the
underside of the fill valve.
Install fill valve making sure the front of the valve is properly
positioned. (The front of the fill valve should face the overflow pipe.)
Make sure the refill tube is secure in the over flow tube. (They can come
loose and spray water behind toilet.)
Remember to hold the fill valve in position firmly, while tightening the hold down nut, supply
of fill valves
Flat type no float needed
ballcock with ball float.
Float on valves body
Note: Most toilets are made of porcelains. For this reason, tighten all
your fittings and nuts HAND TIGHT AND THEN SOME.
Everything should be tighten just enough to make It work. In other
words, if you are seating a toilet to the floor, make it just tight
enough that it won't rock.
And if you are working with pipes or tubing, tighten just enough that in
won't leak, and then some.
A 14.95 Value
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Written by: Chet Thompson
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